Plant based

Tandoori Masala Marinade for Tempeh or Tofu

A few weeks ago we posted a guide on how to make tempeh with yellow split peas. As we mentioned in the post, tempeh has been one of our favourite things to make recently and it’s been fun experimenting with different flavours & ways to cook it. We’re excited to share this delicious tandoori masala marinade which is made with coconut cream and a mixture of herbs and spices. Ingredients like tempeh or tofu are notorious for being quite bland on their own, and although our homemade tempeh has a delicious nutty flavour, it’s even better when marinaded for a few hours before cooking. This Indian-style recipe has a lovely balance of flavours from the coconut combined with tandoori spice mix, which is traditionally made from cumin, coriander, ginger, paprika, turmeric & cayenne. We love it topped with toasted sesame seeds and mixed into a big salad with fermented veggies!

Tandoori Marinaded Tempeh
Tandoori Marinaded Tempeh
Tandoori Marinaded Tempeh
Tandoori Marinaded Tempeh

Tandori Masala Marinade for Tempeh or Tofu

Servings: Makes enough to marinade 250g tempeh/tofu

Ingredients:

  • 250g tempeh, cut into approx 16 pieces (you can substitue this for one block of firm tofu that has been thoroughly drained)

For the Marinade:

  • 200ml coconut cream (the cream from one can of coconut milk + the coconut water if you need to make it up to 200ml)
  • 2 large cloves of garlic, chopped
  • 1 thumb sized piece of ginger, chopped
  • 3 tsp good quality tandoori spice mix
  • small bunch fresh coriander
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt
  • 1 fresh green chili, seeds removed (optional)

Instructions:

  1. In a food processor blend together all of the ingredients for the marinade
  2. Spread out the tempeh pieces in a shallow dish or tupperware, pour over the marinade and gently turn the tempeh over so that they are fully covered.
  3. Cover the dish and leave to sit for at least 2 hours, alternatively leave overnight in the fridge.
  4. Transfer the tempeh pieces to an oven tray, spooning over any extra marinade from the dish. Bake at gas mark 6/200 degrees C for approximately 20 minutes or until beginning to dry out and turn golden

How do you normally prepare tofu or tempeh? We’d love to hear your suggestions below!

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How to Make Soy-Free Tempeh with Yellow Split Peas

For us, tempeh is one of those foods that is so much tastier when made at home. We’ve never been wowed by shop bought tempeh or considered it worth spending money on, but since we’ve been making this from scratch we’ve become complete tempeh converts. Making your own tempeh means you can get really creative with different legumes & flavourings too. This version with yellow split peas has a delicious, nutty flavour and due to the fermentation it’s a great option for people who find it hard to digest beans and other legumes. We also have a great tandoori marinade recipe for tempeh here.

How to Make Soy-Free Tempeh with Yellow Split Peas
How to Make Soy-Free Tempeh with Yellow Split Peas
How to Make Soy-Free Tempeh with Yellow Split Peas

What is Tempeh?

Tempeh originally hails from the island of Java in Indonesia. It often gets thrown into the same category as tofu, quorn and seitan as being a somewhat bland meat-replacement, but for us tempeh has a lot more flavour and also contains a lot of nutritional benefits. Traditionally, tempeh is made from soy beans which are soaked, cooked and then fermented using a specific culture called rhizopus oligosporus. As the beans ferment, they form into a block that is held together by a white fibrous network of mycelia. The tempeh can then be cut into slices and used in stir frys, curries, salads, sandwiches and more. It sounds like pretty freaky stuff on paper, but it has a great nutty flavour and is especially delicious marinaded!

Nutritional Benefits of Home-made Tempeh

Making your own tempeh definitely takes a lot more time than buying it from the shop, but we think it’s completely worth the effort in terms of flavour and also the variety of legumes you can use. Some nutritional benefits of home-made tempeh are as follows:

  • The fermentation process breaks down the phytic acid and anti-nutrients from the beans, which makes it easier to digest and absorb.

  • Studies show that tempeh is rich in prebiotics, which promote beneficial bacteria in the digestive system.

  • A rich source of protein & calcium

  • A whole foods alternative to tofu or quorn. Homemade tempeh is unprocessed & unpasteurised, therefore maintaining a lot more nutritional benefits and bacteria.

What You Need to Make Tempeh

  • A vented container: We use a freezer bag with 7-8 small holes in it that are large enough for air circulation. Using a clear container allows you see the tempeh as it ferments and you can reuse the bags after use. You could also a Tupperware with holes in.

  • A warm place for the beans to ferment: The beans have to be kept at a temperature of 25-30 degrees to begin the fermentation process. This takes around 12-24 hours. We use a dehydrator for this, but you could also use an oven with the light on (& the door slightly ajar), an electric blanket or a warm area in your house such as an airing cupboard.

  • A fermentation starter: You will need to purchase a starter to make the tempeh. We recommend this brand in the UK, you only need to use a small amount for each batch so it works out as good value.

  • Dried Beans: As mentioned, soya beans are traditionally used in tempeh recipes, however our favourite to use is yellow split peas as they have a great flavour. You can try various other types of beans and get creative with it. We recommend buying organic whenever possible.

  • A Tea Towl to wrap the tempeh in during the fermentation.

How to Make Soy-Free Tempeh with Yellow Split Peas
How to Make Soy-Free Tempeh with Yellow Split Peas

Ingredients

  • 500g of yellow split peas (or your legume of choice)

  • 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar (or white vinegar)

  • 1/3 teaspoon of tempeh starter

Method

  1. Soak the split peas overnight (or at least 6 hours).

  2. When ready, drain the peas and rinse once or twice with cold water.

  3. In a large saucepan add the peas and cover by 2-3 inches with water. Bring to the boil and then simmer gently for 20-30 minutes until just tender but not falling apart.

  4. Drain the cooked split peas in a colander and allow to cool, you want them to be almost completely dry. They should dry left out in the colander over 1-2 hours, or you can spread them on a clean tea-towel and pat dry.

  5. Add the peas to a bowl and stir in the apple cider vinegar and tempeh starter culture.

  6. Now spoon them into your vented container (freezer bag with holes poked through, or Tupperware, see above)

  7. Lightly press down the split peas in the bag so it lies flat and fairly even. Now store at 25-30 degrees C until you see a few areas of white, dust-like spots forming inside the bag (these can be quite subtle so look closely).

  8. Once the fermentation has started the tempeh will start creating its own heat, so you want to lower the temperature slightly to around 20-24 degrees C. Leave the bag/container wrapped in a clean tea towel for 24-36 hours (max 48) until the bag is fully colonised with the culture and has formed a solid block (see photo below). For this part we place the container in our airing cupboard.

  9. When the tempeh has become a solid block, remove it from the bag/container (this can take a bit of jiggling/squeezing to get it out) and store it in an air tight container in the fridge. Enjoy it fried, baked, grilled or on the barbecue.

NOTES - You may see some grey/black spots develop on the tempeh - this is normal and safe. It’s also common for the tempeh to smell slightly sour. If it begins to smell really bad/off or develops other colours then trust your instinct and discard it. (Thankfully this has never happened to us!)

How to Make Soy-Free Tempeh with Yellow Split Peas
How to make soy-free tempeh with yellow split peas

Have you tried tempeh before?

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Keeping Healthy as a Vegan (or Non-Vegan)

Veganism is such a hot topic at the moment. There are strong opinions coming from all angles and it can sometimes feel hard to find reliable information that isn't fuelled by judgement or anger. No matter what your opinion, the vast majority of us desire health and vibrancy in our lives. We are all so unique and this looks so different for every person. One size does not fit all. But whatever our choices are, it's important to take the time to check in with our bodies and how we're feeling. Do you feel energised by food? Or do you feel endlessly tired and sluggish? 

Personally, we stopped eating all animal products around 2 years ago for a variety of reasons; for our health, the environment, ethics and more. It's been a hugely positive journey for both of us and I can't say that I've been tempted to change during that time. However, we recognise the importance in being mindful about what we eat and being intuitive about what feels good. Eating plant based doesn't always translate to eating healthily. You can still serve up junk food at every meal and label it as 'vegan'. So rather than focusing on labels such as 'vegan', 'keto', 'paleo' etc, I think it's crucial to observe how you feel eating certain foods and see each meal as an opportunity to nourish your body and express gratitude. 

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“Be good to yourself. If you don't take care of your body, where will you live?” - Kobi Yamada

Our bodies communicate with us daily in so many ways. From our skin, to our eliminative system and energy levels. If we become deficient in certain vitamins or our body is off balance, this can show up in a variety of ways - tiredness, dull skin, acne, hormonal issues, poor digestion and more.

If you're a vegan (or non vegan!) that feels consistently tired and you notice some imbalances in your body, then it's so important to look at your diet to see how you can create harmony in the body again. A great way to to do this is by having a blood panel test done, which tests for specific vitamin and nutrient levels to find any deficiencies. For all our readers based in USA, Health Labs offers a 'Vegan Wellness Panel Test' which checks for the 11 most common deficiencies. If you're vegan and want to make sure you're supporting your body the best you can, then it's such a great resource to consider.

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These are some of the 11 vitamins/nutrients that Health Labs test for, why they're important and how you can incorporate these more in your life with plant power, herbs or supplements...

IRON
Iron deficiency is a growing problem for many women - vegan or non-vegan. When consuming plant-based sources of iron, combine them with Vitamin C when possible to help absorption. Good sources of iron are:
Nettles (no.1 tip for iron is daily nettle infusions!), blackstrap molasses, dark leafy greens, organic spirulina, cacao, quinoa, buckwheat, black beans, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, avocado. 

Herbs- Nettle, parsley, dandelion, yellow dock. 

CALCIUM  
A hugely important nutrient for bone health. Good sources of calcium are:
dark leafy greens (collard, mustard, kale), organic tempeh, tahini, broccoli, figs, black strap molasses, organic almonds, chia seeds. 

Herbs - nettles, horsetail, oat straw, alfalfa.


ZINC
Zinc is such an important nutrient to support our immune system, regulate hormones and metabolising carbohydrates. Good sources of zinc are:
Black beans, chickpeas, lentils, organic tempeh, oats pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, chia seeds, walnuts, cashew nuts, quinoa, sesame seeds, hemp seeds, wild rice, shiitake mushrooms, flaxseeds, asparagus, cardamom. 

Herbs: oat straw dill, rosemary, sage, chervil


B12
B12 is a complicated issue for those eating plant based, as unlike all the other vitamins/minerals, it's extremely difficult for us to obtain the amount we need from a natural food source.  However, our bodies our capable of creating B12 if we have optimal digestion. In the past, we absorbed B12 from fresh spring water and from the soil, but now that so many pesticides are used to cultivate our food, it's very difficult to find natural sources. Even those who absorb B12 from animal products may only be doing so because the farm animal they are consuming was supplemented with B12 when it was alive. This article is highly recommended if you wish to learn more. 

We supplement with a liquid B12. This is our favourite product in the UK, and we have heard excellent reviews of this brand in the USA & rest of the world. 

FOLIC ACID
Folic acid, or folate, is a B vitamin that assists the body in creating red blood cells and repairing DNA. It's especially important in pregnancy, as it helps the foetus develop. Good sources of Folate are:
organic spinach, broccoli, asparagus, lentils, black beans, pinto beans, avocado, beetroot, romaine lettuce, papaya.

 

More Helpful Resources


'Vegan done right' with Dr Stephen Cabral - Melissa Ambrosini Podcast
This podcast episode is so informative and helpful, diving deep into common deficiencies for vegans and how we can help to avoid this through diet, Ayurveda and lifestyle.  Cannot recommend this enough!  

Health 101
An amazing website full of so many eye opening articles. The article on B-12 deficiency is incredibly interesting and is such an important thing to get educated about. 

Health Labs  (US) 
As we mentioned above, the Vegan Nutritional Maintenance Panel is such an effective way to ensure that you are receiving enough nutrients from your food. The test reveals any deficiencies you may have, so that you can address them and adjust what you're eating. They also offer other tests for food allergies. 
Use the code 'PutumayoKitchen' to receive a 25% discount on tests. 

Cerascreen (UK & Europe)
A test centre based in Europe, offering deficiency tests. 

Our Favourite Nutrition Books
  See our 'Essential Book' list for some recommended nutrition books that can help you on your journey! 
 

Have you ever considered testing for vitamin deficiencies? We'd love to hear how you keep healthy eating a plant based diet. 

If you enjoyed this article or found it helpful, please share it! 

Thank you to Health Labs for supporting this article. 

The Magic of Medicinal Mushrooms

The past year or two, we've become fascinated by medicinal mushrooms. They have been pretty life changing for us and are a huge passion of ours. So much so, we're hoping to volunteer  on a mushroom farm later this year and learn all about cultivating fungi... which we're so excited for! 

We wanted to share some of our knowledge and experience of medicinal mushrooms - where to start, how to eat them, some of their benefits and our favourite companies. If your only experience of mushroom so far are the ones you buy from the supermarket, then welcome to the enormous fungi kingdom and all its magic .... 

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Images via Tumblr. 

WHAT ARE MEDICINAL MUSHROOMS?

The historical importance of mushrooms is often undervalued by mainstream society and western medicine. Mushrooms have been used for thousands of years as food, medicine and as part of spiritual practices in a range of different communities and religions. The more we learn about the fungi kingdom, the more we recognise their value in the ecosystem - they are quite literally all around us and hold so much potential! Humans are closely related to the Fungi Kingdom, therefore their benefits are lovingly received and recognised by the human body.  So what makes a medicinal mushroom any different from those you'd find in the veggie section? 

Medicinal Mushrooms are mushrooms with powerful healing properties and health benefits. When we consume these mushrooms that are rich in medicinal qualities, we absorb a variety of medicinal constituents and nutrients, increasing health and vitality.  These types of mushrooms have been such a valuable medicine for thousands of years, most notably in TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine). 

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HOW TO TAKE THEM

Our favourite way to use mushrooms is to make warm tonics or elixirs with nut/ oat / coconut milk. We have a recipe for our favourite cacao tonic here. You can also take the mushrooms in tincture form.  

When taking mushrooms, a small amount goes a long way. We use roughly 1/2 teaspoon each time, so although buying the mushrooms can initially feel expensive, they last for a very long time as they are so potent.


Some of our favourite mushrooms are as follows:

REISHI
Known as The Queen of the fungi kingdom and The mushroom of Immortality - reishi was the first medicinal mushroom I tried and I fell in love with immediately. The effects of this mushrooms are so calming for the nervous system - I can quite literally feel the relaxing, grounding effects when I take it. 

Reishi is best known in Chinese Medicine for its immune boosting properties and is prescribed for vitality and general wellbeing. Full of amino acids, polysaccharides, vitamins and minerals ... it's a super fungi full of healing  magic. If you're looking to start somewhere, we recommend Reishi.

CHAGA
If Reishi is the Queen of mushrooms, then Chaga is known as the healing King. Growing wild on birch trees in various parts of the world, the chaga fungus absorbs some of the powerful nutrients from the tree. It is known to be incredibly alkalising and a rich of source of antioxidants (which protect the body from free radical damage) and has been used for hundreds of years as a remedy for illnesses. Various studies have been released on the healing effects of Chaga against certain forms of cancer. (google Alexander Solzhenitsyn's book The Cancer Ward). Chaga chunks can be decocted into a powerful tea to promote immunity and wellness, or else it is available in powder form from various companies. 

CORDYCEPS
The cordyceps fungus is truly fascinating as it grows in the high altitudes of the Himalayas... on caterpillars (!). This mushroom has an incredible reputation for increasing stamina, vitality and strength. It's often referred to as being the mushroom for improving athletic performance and enhancing energy. Prescribed in TCM to support the function of the lungs and kidneys, it's also suggested to strengthen the immune system. 

LIONS MANE
Often used as a nerve tonic - Lions Mane can be taken to support nerve and brain function, as well as aiding digestion. Modern studies have shown it to be a potential medicine for helping diseases such as Alzheimers and dementia. It's rich in amino acids, minerals and can enhance the function of the immune system! 

 

RESOURCES TO LEARN MORE

 Rich Roll Podcast - Tero Isokauppila On Healing Mushrooms

The Life Stylist Podcast - The Magic of Mushrooms

TED TALK - 6 Ways Mushrooms Can Save the World

The Chief Life Podcast - Mason Taylor on Medicinal Mushrooms

BBC Documentary - The Magic of Mushrooms

RECCOMMENDED BRANDS & PRODUCTS

UK
Hybrid Herbs
Indigo Herbs
Sun Potion (via Raw Living)

Four Sigmatic

Rest of the World
Sun Potion
Dragon Herbs
SuperFeast


 SHOP BELOW:

 

We hope you enjoyed this post...we'd love to hear about anyones experiences with medicinal mushrooms or recommendations you have!